Although there is little information from most northern range states, the overall status of the aardwolf currently can be described as Lower Risk: Least Concern (IUCN, 1996, appendix 6).
Threats and Conservation
Although the aardwolf may be harvested as a food source and purposefully or accidentally killed in predator control programs, these mortalities appear to be of little significance in areas with well-established populations. The greatest threat to the aardwolf is from spraying poisons on swarms of locusts. These events could significantly affect populations and could even lead to local extinctions, particularly if repeat sprayings occurred within four years of each other.