Striped Hyaena (Hyaena hyaena)

The information presented below is based on Heribert Hofer, in Status Survey and Conservation Action Plan – Hyaenas and Aaron P. Wagner in Mammals of Africa Striped hyenas occur in grasslands, open woodlands, and bushy regions, usually in rugged terrain (Mills & Hofer 1998). Far less is known about these animals than about any other extant hyaenid. Striped hyenas… Continue reading Striped Hyaena (Hyaena hyaena)

Spotted Hyaena (Crocuta crocuta)

These animals weigh 45-85 kg as adults, depending on sex (males weigh less than females) and capture location (hyaenas in southern Africa are larger than those in other parts of Africa). Spotted hyaenas are hunters and scavengers and can even chase lions away from their kills. Spotted hyaenas are intelligent, noisy, and gregarious, living in… Continue reading Spotted Hyaena (Crocuta crocuta)

Brown Hyaena (Parahyaena brunnea)

Statistics  Weight: 45 kgFeeding Habits: Brown hyaenas prefer to dine on carrion, wild fruits, insects and eggs.  Brown hyaenas rarely kill small animals.  Small livestock, particularly young, can be protected from brown hyaenas and jackals at night by being placed in bush enclosures. Although brown hyaenas are solitary when looking for food, family members share… Continue reading Brown Hyaena (Parahyaena brunnea)

Spotted Hyena: Diet and Foraging

The spotted hyaena is still widely regarded as a scavenger that picks up leftovers at the kills of other carnivores (cheetah, leopard, lion) or feeds on carrion. However, this is not correct: all studies demonstrate that the spotted hyaena is an efficient predator in its own right. Although spotted hyenas will scavenge opportunistically, they kill… Continue reading Spotted Hyena: Diet and Foraging

Aardwolf (Proteles cristata)

Body mass: approximately 10 kgThe aardwolf’s favourite food is insects, especially termites, which they help to control.  Aardwolves cannot kill livestock, yet many aardwolves are killed each year because people believe they kill lambs.  They are also killed indirectly through insecticide spraying.  Aardwolves are family oriented, with males and females living together in a territory. … Continue reading Aardwolf (Proteles cristata)

Brown Hyaena: Diet and Foraging

The brown hyaena is primarily a scavenger of a wide range of vertebrate remains; carrion is supplemented by wild fruit, insects, birds’ eggs and the occasional small animal, which is killed. In the southern Kalahari vertebrate prey killed by brown hyaenas make up only 4.2% of the food items eaten (Mills 1990). These were all… Continue reading Brown Hyaena: Diet and Foraging

Brown Hyaena: Distribution and Habitat

The brown hyaena inhabits the South West Arid Zone of Africa (Smithers 1983). The largest remaining populations are in the southern Kalahari and the coastal areas in Southwest Africa. The brown hyaena is found in desert areas with annual rainfall less than 100 mm, particularly along the coast, semi-desert, open scrub, and open woodland savannah… Continue reading Brown Hyaena: Distribution and Habitat

Brown Hyaena: Social Behavior

Brown hyaenas live in small social groups, called ‘clans.’ Clans range in size from a solitary female and her cubs to groups containing several females and their offspring of different ages. Some of the largest clans of brown hyaenas reported to date occur along the Namibian coast, where clans of 12-13 individuals are supported seasonally… Continue reading Brown Hyaena: Social Behavior

Brown Hyaena: Reproduction

The brown hyaena is a polyoestrous, non-seasonal breeder with anoestrous occurring during lactation. The gestation period is approximately 97 days and mean litter size is 2.3 (range: 1-5 cubs) (Mills 1982b). Both nomadic and immigrant males may mate and all adult females in a clan may reproduce, although the matriarch apparently produces more cubs than… Continue reading Brown Hyaena: Reproduction

Brown Hyaena: Association with other species

Over much of its range, the brown hyaena lives in association with other carnivorous animals and benefits from many of them by scavenging from their kills. Lion kills provide many scavenging opportunities for brown hyaenas, although they are dominated and even sometimes killed by lions. The brown hyaena is usually dominant over the leopard, cheetah,… Continue reading Brown Hyaena: Association with other species